Beaumont, Robert (2002) The Railway King: a biography of George Hudson. London: Headline.

Berry, Helen and Jeremy Gregory, eds, (2004) Creating and Consuming Culture in North-East England, 1660–1830 (Ashgate).

Brantingham, John and Miller, Stuart (2013) Sunderland Then and Now in Colour. Stroud: The History Press.

Charlton, J. (2005) Hidden Chains: the Slavery Business and North East England, 1600–1865 (Newcastle upon Tyne).

Cookson, Gillian (2010). Sunderland: Building a City (Chichester).

Johnson, Michael and Potts, Graham (2013) The Architecture of Sunderland: 1700=1914. Stroud: The History Press.

Meikle, Maureen and Christine Newman, (2007) Sunderland and its Origins: Monks and Mariners (Stroud, 2008/Chichester, 2007).

Miller, Stuart (2010) What’s in a name: street names of Sunderland. Sunderland: underland Heritage Forum.  See also www.sunderlandstreetnames.co.uk

Simmons, Jack (1986) The Railways of Britain.  London: Macmillan.

Talbot, Bryan (2007) Alice in Sunderland: an entertainment. London: Jonathan Cape